Replication-related control over cell division in Escherichia coli is growth-rate dependent

Citation:

Tiruvadi-Krishnan S, Männik J, Kar P, Lin J, Amir A, Männik J. Replication-related control over cell division in Escherichia coli is growth-rate dependent. 2021.

Abstract:

How replication and division processes are coordinated in the cell cycle is a fundamental yet poorly understood question in cell biology. In Escherichia coli different data sets and models have supported a range of conclusions from one extreme where these two processes are tightly linked to another extreme where these processes are completely independent of each other. Using high throughput optical microscopy and cell cycle modeling, we show that in slow growth conditions replication and division processes are strongly correlated, indicating a significant coupling between replication and division. This coupling weakens as the growth rate of cells increases. Our data suggest that the underlying control mechanism in slow growth conditions is related to unreplicated chromosome blocking the onset of constriction at the midcell. We show that the nucleoid occlusion protein SlmA does not play a role in this process and neither do other known factors involved in positioning bacterial Z-ring relative to the chromosome. Altogether this work reconciles different ideas from the past and brings out a more nuanced role of replication in controlling the division process in a growth-rate dependent manner.

bioRxiv